Meaning-Centered Coping Scale (MCCS)

David F. Carreno & Nikolett Eisenbeck, 2020

The Meaning-Centered Coping Scale (MCCS) is a 9-item scale that measures meaning-centered coping, a set of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral coping strategies that serve to create and maintain meaning in life, especially in adverse situations. It includes positive reframing, hope, existential courage, life appreciation, engagement in meaningful activities, interpersonal closeness, and prosociality. This coping style is rooted in Viktor Frankl’s and Paul Wong’s work on meaning in life. The Meaning-Centered Coping Scale has shown a robust structure and strong prediction of mental and physical health in 30 countries, above other traditional scales of coping (see Eisenbeck et al., 2021).

There are VALIDATED VERSIONS  of the MCCS in English, Spanish, Italian, Modern Arabic, German, French, Bengali, Portuguese (Brazil and Portugal), Hungarian, Indonesian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovenian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, and Urdu .


Meaning-Centered Coping Scale (MCCS)


-Eisenbeck, N., Carreno, D. F., Wong, P. T., Hicks, J. A., García, A. M. R. R., Puga, J. L., … & García-Montes, J. M. (2021). An international study on psychological coping during COVID-19: Towards a meaning-centered coping style. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 100256

-Eisenbeck, N., Carreno, D. F., & Pérez-Escobar, J. A. (2021). Meaning-centered coping in the era of COVID-19: direct and moderating effects on depression, anxiety, and stress. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 667.

-Sanchez-Ruiz, M. J., Tadros, N., Khalaf, T., Ego, V., Eisenbeck, N., Carreno, D. F., & Nassar, E. (2021). Trait Emotional Intelligence and Wellbeing During the Pandemic: The Mediating Role of Meaning-Centered Coping. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 1315.

-Quiroga-Garza, A., Cepeda Lopez, A. C., Villarreal Zambrano, S., Villalobos-Daniel, V. E., Carreno, D. F., & Eisenbeck, N. (2021). How having a clear why can help us cope with almost anything: Meaningful well-being and the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 1822.

-Arslan, G., & Yıldırım, M. (2021). Meaning-Based Coping and Spirituality During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Mediating Effects on Subjective Well-Being. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 1012.

-Avsec, A., Eisenbeck, N., Carreno, D. F., Kocjan, G. Z., & Kavčič, T. (2022). Coping styles mediate the association between psychological inflexibility and psychological functioning during the COVID-19 pandemic: A crucial role of meaning-centered coping. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science.